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The Lurie Legacy
The House of Davidic Royal Descent

by Neil Rosenstein

The author of The Unbroken Chain has just written another major work, this time about one of the most distinguished Jewish families: Lurie/Luria. It is a very ancient family, tracing its roots back through Rashi and Hillel to King David. The family is known throughout history for its extraordinary achievements in science, philosophy, theology and the arts. The book is a comprehensive study of the Lurie/Luria family that includes 45 pages of family trees showing the relationship of the Lurie family to such other families as Epstein, Eskeles, Heilprin, Isserles, Katzenellenbogen, Margolit, Meisel, Mendelssohn, Pereira, Weidenfeld and Wulff. The text portion of the book is filled with the history of the Lurie family, critical analysis of previous works about the family and legends by family members penned in the 19th century. More than 60 documents of the Lurie family illustrate the book, the earliest dating to the 16th century.

Foreword by Israel Meir Lau, Chief Rabbi of Israel and President of the Great Rabbinical Court; Preface by Ranan R. Lurie.

9" x 12" 432 pp. hardcover $85.00

The Lurie Legacy - The House of Davidic Royal Descent

The Story of Napoleon's Coat

Contents
TABLE OF ILLUSTRATIONS ix
FOREWORD xiii

PREFACE xv

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xix

INTRODUCTION xxi
The Jewish Pope xxi
Family Ramifications xxii
Other Luries xxii
Sources xxiii

1 ORIGINS OF THE LURIE FAMILY 1
An Early 16th-Century Document 1
Interpretation of the Manuscript 2
Family History: Lurie-Spira Relationships 8
Early 14th- and 15th-Century German Civil Documents 8
Treves Connection 11
Three 16th-Century Hebrew Documents, 1554, 1566, and 1583 12
Oxford Manuscript by Shtadlan Joselmann of Rosheim 13
Letter Written in 1566 13
Manuscript Dated 1583 In Worms Written by Aaron Lurie 20
16th-Century Inscription of Three Early Lurie Generations 22
17th-Century Lurie Documents 22
Lurie Branch from Italy 30
Three 16th-Century Great Lurie Rabbinical Scholars 31
R. Solomon Lurie MaHaRaSHaL, 1510-1573 31
R. Moses Isserles ReMA, 1525-1572 33
R. Meir Katzenellenbogen of Padua (MaHaRaM Padua) 1482-1565 35
Rashi's Descent from King David 36
From Rashi to Hillel 36
From Hillel to King David 36

2 LURIE FAMILIES OF MOGILEV, BYKHOV AND MINSK 39
Early 19th-Century Lurie Family Saga (Unpublished Manuscript) 39
The Manuscript 41
Introduction: His Father 41
Lurie Family Ancestry 41
His Lurie Grandparents 42
His Father: Jacob Aaron Lurie 43
His Father's Siblings 44
His Father's Children (Jacob Aaron Lurie's Children) 44
His Mother's Family (R. Zeev Wolf Simchowitz) 45
The Hospital In Minsk 46
The Vilna Gaon and Haim of Volozhin 46
Late 19th-Century Manuscript by R. David Lurie, The RaDaL of Bykhov 47
1812: Emperor Napoleon's Coat 53
Manuscript 2660--Yonah Lurie's Own Story 55
3 ZECHER OLAM--AN EVERLASTING REMEMBRANCE 61
Writing Home 62
Aging 66
Body and Soul 70
Journey to Jerusalem 76
Tiberias Springs 82
Request of the Children 84
An Everlasting Testimony 86

4 ZECHER OLAM--LATER EDITIONS 95
Reprinting of Zecher Olam, Second Edition (1884) 95
Introduction 95
Reprinting of Zecher Olam--Third Edition (1891) 97
The Tragedies of 1885 97
Reprinting of Zecher Olam--Fourth Edition (1911) by the daughter, Rachel Anikster 98
Introduction 98
A Prayer at the Western Wall by Rachel Anikster 99
Anikster family letters 102
Letter Written in 1881 by Rebecca Lipa, wife of Meir Anikster 102
Letter Written In 1882 by Meir Anikster 105
Letter Written in 1884 by Rachel, daughter of Meir Anikster 108
Letter Written in 1885 by Rebecca Lipa, wife of Meir Anikster 111
Letter Written in 1889 by Rebecca Lipa, wife of Meir Anikster 114

5 LEVIN-LOURIE FAMILY 115
Hayyah Lourie and Her Sons 119
Halpern Family 122
Lourie Family 124
The Eliasberg Family 147
Lourie Family 19th-Century Russian Citizenship 151
Memoirs of Paul Lourié 154
115
Hayyah Lourie and Her Sons 119
Halpern Family 122
Lourie Family 124
The Eliasberg Family 147
Lourie Family 19th-Century Russian Citizenship 151
Memoirs of Paul Louri? 154
I Start Gymnasium 154
Setting the Stage 154
I Was Born in Vienna 162
Where We All Began 164
Leopold Lourié in Vienna 169
Matura and the First World War 172
Rebuilding After the First World War 178
The Beginning of the End 188
Hitler Takes Austria 191
Recollections of a Prisoner's "Widow" 196
The Final Exodus 200
Epilogue 204
Appendix I--A Word About Titles 205
Appendix II--Eliasburg Amulet and Manuscript 205
Appendix III--Life in Pinsk Described in Der Tag 207
Appendix IV--Telegram from the Old Employees 208

6 ARCHIVAL DOCUMENTS FROM BELARUS 211
Lurya Family Who Lived In Moghilev 211
Birth Records of Moghilev Jews for 1837-38 211
Birth Records of Moghilev Jews for 1855 213
Ordinary Register Book (Revizskaya Skazka) of Petty-Bourgeois Jews of the
Province Town of Moghilev for 1858 (about 70% survived) 214
Marriage Records on Jews of the Province Town of Moghilev for 1858 216
An Additional Register Book of Petty-Bourgeois Jews of the Province Town of
Moghilev for 1858-74 216
Death Records of Jews of the Province Town of Moghilev for 1870-74 217
Lurya Family Who Lived in Minsk 219
Ordinary Register Book on Petty-Bourgeois Jews of the Province Town of Minsk for 1816 219
Additional Register Book on Petty-Bourgeois Jews of the Province Town of Minsk for 1816 . 219
Ordinary Register Book on Merchant Jews of the Province Town of Minsk for 1850 219
Ordinary Register Book on Petty-Bourgeois Jews of the Province Town of Minsk for 1850 220
Rapoport Family Who Lived in Minsk and Moghilev 221
Additional Register Book of Merchant Jews of the Province Town of Minsk for 1816 221
Additional Register Book of Merchant Jews of the Province Town of Minsk for 1818 221
Ordinary Register Book of Merchant Jews of the Province Town of Minsk for 1850 221
Ordinary Register Book of Petty-Borgeois Jews of the Province Town of Minsk for 1850 221
Ordinary Register Book of Petty-Bourgeois Jews of the Province Town of Moghilev for 1858
(about 70% survived) 222
Death Records of Jews of the Province Town of Moghilev for 1870-74 222
Simkohovich Family Who Lived in Minsk 223
Ordinary Register Book of Merchant Jews of the Province Town of Minsk for 1816 223
Ordinary Register Book of Petty-Bourgeois Jews of the Province Town of Minsk for 1816 223
Ordinary Register Book of Merchant Jews of the Province Town of Minsk for 1850 223
Commentaries 224

7 EPSTEIN RABBINICAL FAMILY 225
Chassidic Epstein Families of Bar and Kolomyja 230
Epstein Family of Lithuania 233
R Aryey Leib Epstein, 1708-1775, A.B.D. Koenigsberg 235
Epstein Family of Grodno and Family Lewin-Epstein 238
Family of Zeev Wolf Epstein 239
Epsteins of White Russia (Belarus) 241
Kopstein Family 242
Chassidic Epstein Family of Homel: Chabad Chassidism 244
Epstein Family of Warsaw: Families Wengeroff, Mirsky And Slonimsky 245
Simeon Zemel b. Jehiel Michel Epstein 246
The Din Torah 246
David b. Zemel Epstein 248
Pinchas (Paul) b. Zemel Epstein 249
Judah b. Zemel Epstein 250
Literary Pursuits 252
From Riches to Rags 253
Ephraim Menachem b. Judah Yudel Epstein, Medical Doctor 255
Why Do I Live So Long? 257
The Death of Doctor Epstein 262
Dr. Ephraim M. Epstein 262
A Tribute from Dr. Waugh 262
From Professor John Uri Lloyd 263
A Colleague of Many Years 263
As I Shall Remember Dr. Epstein 264
In Appreciation of Dr. M. Epstein Ephraim 265
He Died Rich 265
Prominent Rabbis and Volozhin Yeshiva 266
Karelitz Family 267

8 HEILPRIN RABBINICAL FAMILIES DESCENDED FROM THE LURIE FAMILY 273
Heilprin from R. Jehiel Heilprin, the Seder HaDorot 273
Heilprin from Tarnogrod and Krotoschin 273
Heilprin Dynasty of Brzezany 275

9 ISSERLES RABBINICAL FAMILY DYNASTY 277
Israel (Isarel Lazers) and Dina Malka Had Four Sons and Three Daughters 278
Family of R. Moses Isserles (ReMA) 279
Meisels Family and Descendants 279
Children of Wolf of Vilna-Hamburg 280
Itzig Family of Berlin, Dessau and Vienna 284

10 FAMILY OF R. JACOB SHOR 287

APPENDIX A: ADDITIONAL ILLUSTRATIONS 289

APPPENDIX B: GENEALOGICAL TREES 303
Luria Family Trees 303
Luria Family Origins 305
Main Luria Line 306
Luria Branch A: Mohilev Branch Origins 308
Luria Branch B: Minsk-Pinsk Branch 310
Luria Branch C: Bychow Branch Origins 312
Luria Branch D: Margolis-Reichenstein and Beilinson Family Branch 313
Luria Branch E: Pines and Yellin Family Branch 314
Luria Branch F: Krekenava Branch and Anikster Family 316
Luria Branch G: Lurie Family of Jerusalem Origins 318
Luria Branch H: Zuckerman and Ettlinger Family Branch 319
Luria Branch I: Assure and Robinovitz Family Branch 321
Luria Branch J: Shulman Family Branch 322
Epstein Family Trees 325
Epstein Family Origins 326
Epstein Branch A: Descendants of Aryey Leib Epstein of Koenigsburg - 1 328
Epstein Branch B: Descendants of Aryey Leib Epstein of Koenigsburg - 2 329
Epstein Branch C: Grodno Branch Origins 331
Epstein Branch D-I: Descendants of Jehiel Michel Epstein 332
Epstein Branch D-II: Slutzk, Bobruisk, and Warsaw Branch 334
Epstein Branch E: Levin-Epstein Family Branch 336
Epstein Branch F: Shatzkes Family Branch 337
Isserles-Meisels Family Trees 339
Meisels and Mendelssohn-Wulff Families 340
Descendants of SHACH (Rabbi Shabtai HaKohen) 342
Descendants of MAHADURA BATRA (Rabbi Moses, Chief Rabbi of Lublin) 344
Weidenfeld Family 346
Margolioth/Margolis Family 347
Mendelssohn-Wulff-Itzig Family 348
Pereira-Arnstein FamilyEskeles-Wimpffen Family 349
Eskeles-Wimpffen Family 350
Heilprin Family Trees 353
Heilprin Family 354
Heilprin Dynasty of Brzezany 356
NOTES ON GENEALOGICAL TREES 358

GLOSSARY 362

BIBLIOGRAPHY 365

INDEX 368

Illustrations
1 Map showing area where Rashi and his family lived and were active. xx
2 16th-century Oxford manuscript #2240 recording the earliest Lurie genealogy 3
3 Early 20th-century erroneous (and oft-copied) Lurie genealogy by Epstein, Abraham.
Mishpachat Lurie (Vienna, 1901) 4
4 Luria-Spira-Treves Time Line, 13th to 17th-century 5
5 Early 14th- and 15th-Century German Civil Documents - dated 1427 (#471) highlighting
Vergentlin the Jewess 9
6 Early 14th- and 15th-Century German Civil Documents - dated 1433 (#477) highlighting
Solomon and his sons-in-law Aaron and Samuel. 10
7 The reconstructed tree tracing from Solomon Lurie, the MaHaRaSHaL 14
8 Original Hebrew text documents from HaMagid tracing the Lurie genealogy. Page 4 of 4. 16
9 Original Hebrew text documents from HaMagid tracing the Lurie genealogy. Page 3 of 4. 16
10 Original Hebrew text documents from HaMagid tracing the Lurie genealogy. Page 2 of 4. 17
11 Original Hebrew text documents from HaMagid tracing the Lurie genealogy. Page 1 of 4. 17
12 The original unpublished Hebrew manuscript of the Ettlinger family (which parallels the
genealogy of Moses Eliezer Beilinson in HaMagid. 18
13 Second part of the original unpublished Hebrew manuscript of the Ettlinger family (which
parallels the genealogy of Moses Eliezer Beilinson in HaMagid. 19
14 1583 Lurie genealogy published in the Responsa of Solomon Lurie, the MaHaRaSHaL. 20
15 16th-Century inscription of three early Lurie generations preserved on the title page
of the work of Maimonides. 22
16 Introduction to Seder HaDorot by Jehiel Heilprin highlighting his Lurie ancestry. 23
17 References to the Lurie family in Seder HaDorot by Jehiel Heilprin. 24
18 Unpublished manuscript of the Lorie family tracing back to Abraham Abale Gombiner,
the Magen Avraham, descendant of Abraham Lurie, brother of Solomon Lurie,
the MaHaRaSHaL 25
19 Hebrew text of Ma'alot HaYochasin by Efraim Zalman Margolis highlighting the family
of Abraham Lurie, brother of Solomon Lurie, the MaHaRaSHaL 26
20 Title page of Solomon Lurie's Yam Shel Shlomo, published in Berlin, 1766 32
21 Text of the Responsa of Solomon Lurie, the MaHaRaSHaL, explaining his signature
as Sar Yitzchak (= Shlomo Reb Yizchak) after his father-in-law, Isaac Klauber.
Sar is otherwise used as a title of honor i.e. Sir. 34
22 Reconstruction of the Lurie tree of the 17th century (from Ma'alot HaYochasin) 38
23 Hebrew text of the unpublished 19th-century manuscript by Simcha Lurie of Minsk. 40
24 1872 HaMagid obituary of Yekutiel Zussel HaKohen Rappaport of Minsk and his epitaph. 42
25 1864 HaMagid obituary of Jacob Aaron Lurie of Minsk. 43
26 Epitaph in Minsk of Jacob Aaron Lurie of Minsk, died in 1864. 44
27 1881 HaMagid obituary of Simcha Lurie of Minsk, author of the unpublished manuscript
discussed in the text. 47
28 Unpublished two-page Hebrew letter written in 1853 by David Lurie, the RaDaL,
to the noted maskil, Isaac Ber Lewinsohn. 49
29 Transcribed Hebrew text of the RaDaL's letter of 1853 to the noted maskil,
Isaac Ber Lewinsohn. 51
30 French Military uniform verifying the Napoleon Coat parochet authenticity. 52
31 Antique postcard of Emperor Napoleon visiting a Russian village, reminiscent
of his meeting with Joseph (Jonas, Yonah or Yoneh) Lurie in Mogilev in 1812. 54
32 Drawing from an unpublished Hebrew manuscript by Joseph (Jonas, Yonah or Yoneh)
Lurie of his former home in Mogilev. 56
33 Hebrew text of the unpublished manuscript by Joseph (Jonas, Yonah or Yoneh)
Lurie who settled in Jerusalem, highlighting his father's name - Jacob Aaron with
the acrostic Lurie. 57
34 Drawing from an unpublished Hebrew manuscript by Joseph (Jonas, Yonah or Yoneh)
Lurie showing the synagogue in Jerusalem where the parochet was donated together
with a drawing of the actual parochet (see picture of the parochet on the next page) 59
35 The Napoleon Coat parochet (cover for the Holy Torah Ark). 60
36 Letter Written in 1881 by Rebecca Lipa, wife of Meir Anikster 102
37 Letter Written in 1882 by Meir Anikster 105
38 Letter Written in 1884 by Rachel, daughter of Meir Anikster 108
39 Letter Written in 1885 by Rebecca Lipa, wife of Meir Anikster 111
40 Letter Written in 1889 by Rebecca Lipa, wife of Meir Anikster 114
41 Cemetery epitaph of Saul (Shaul) "Karliner" Levine of 1834 (no longer extant) 116
42 Cemetery epitaph of Chaya Lurie showing (from right to left) that she built the hospital,
synagogue, study house (Talmud Torah) and Poor asylum in Pinsk. 120
43 The Moses and Miriam Lurie of Pinsk 60th-wedding anniversary family portrait, 1900 125
44 Russian citizenship document of 1832 bestowed upon Chaya Lurie and her family. 152
45 Birth Records of Moghilev Jews for 1837-38 212
46 Birth Records of Moghilev Jews for 1855 213
47 Ordinary Register Book on Petty-Bourgeois Jews of the Province Town of Minsk for 1850 220
48 First page of the Karelitz family history album tracing back to Epstein roots. 268
Table of Illustrations * xi
49 19th-century published Hebrew genealogy of the Heilprin family in Aleh HaDas. 274
50 Early 18th-century signature of Abraham Abale Isserles (died in 1731), grandson
of Abraham Heilprin of Lublin and the MaHaDuRA BaTRA, on the title page
of the Pentateuch (from the collection of Martin Isserlis) 278
51 German genealogy of the Wulff family from Max Freudenthal, Aus der heimat
Mendelssohns (Berlin, 1900) 281
52 19th-century published Hebrew text (Feiner, Moses. Kitvei Yad, Sifrei Defus and Matzevot,
Berlin, 1861), recording the epitaph of Daniel Itzig, listing his children, and recording
his wife's ancestry back to Moses Isserles, the ReMA 285
53 19th-century drawing of the exterior and interior of the famed Rashi chapel of Troyes. 291
54 Introduction to Solomon Lurie's Yam Shel Shlomo, published in Berlin, 1766 highlighting
the genealogy of the author's descendant, Aryey Judah Leib Heilprin. 292
55 Hebrew text of Solomon Lurie's Yam Shel Shlomo highlighting his link to Rashi. 292
56 Late 19th-century HaMagid donor list from Minsk highlighting members of the Lurie
and Eliasberg families who contributed. 293
57 Title page of Ma'aneh Lashon, 1883, the personal copy of supplications to be said
at the graves of sages of Rebecca Lipa Anikster (from the collection of the author) 294
58 Personal prayer written by Rebecca Lipa Anikster inside her copy of Ma'aneh Lashon
(from the collection of the author) 295
59 A list of the Lurie family yahrzeits written by Rebecca Lipa Anikster inside her copy
of Ma'aneh Lashon (from the collection of the author) together with her inscription
stating the book belonged to her. 295
60 An article from the Hebrew newspaper HaMagid, 1870, signed by Meir Anikster
from Jerusalem. 296
61 An article from the Hebrew newspaper HaMagid, 1883, signed by Meir Anikster
from Jerusalem. 297
62 Hebrew Epitaph entries in Chelkat Mechokek, 1901-1910, by Asher Leib Brisk for his
father and grandfather. 298
63 Hebrew ledger entry for Meir Ankister's family in the 1875 Montefiore census.
This lists his wife and daughter as well 299
64 1875 seal and signature of Meir Anikster (from the Montefiore 1875 census records).
He was secretary of the Vilna-Zamosc-Kurland Kollel. 300
65 1888 Mogilev birth for Esther, daughter of Simeon b. Nachum Luria, June 24/Sivan 26 301
66 1887 Mogilev birth for Manes, son of BenZion Nachman b. Meir Reichenstein
October 13/Tishrei 20 301

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