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Dictionary of Jewish Surnames from
Italy, France and "Portuguese" Communities
by Alexander Beider
Complete list of namesSample entry in Dictionary (Modigliano)
Contents0. Introduction 0.1 Scope and aims of this book. Previous studies 10.2 Acknowledgments 90.3 Main geographic terms 90.4 Cities, regions, and countries covered 100.5 Demographic figures 130.6 Transcription rules 150.6.1 Hebrew 150.6.2 Arabic 170.6.3 Signs used for general phonetic transcription 180.7 Legal status of Jews in the area covered 190.8 Legal status of surnames 210.9 Main naming patterns in France and Italy in the Middle Ages 210.10 Main migrations 23CHAPTER 1. SURNAMES IN FRANCE 261.1 Languedoc 261.2 Provence 281.3 Avignon area 301.4 Northern France 321.5 Dauphiné 361.6 Savoy 361.7 Name Sarfati 38CHAPTER 2. SURNAMES IN CONTINENTAL ITALY 412.1 ITALIANI Jews 412.1.1 Rome and the Papal States 412.1.2 Kingdom of Naples 442.1.3 Tuscany 472.2 Ashkenazic Jews 482.2.1 General features 482.2.2 Duchy of Milan 522.2.3 Republic of Venice 542.2.4 Duchy of Mantua 552.2.5 Trieste and its area 562.2.6 Other migrations during the 19th–20th centuries 572.3 French Jews 572.3.1 General features 572.3.2 Piedmont 592.4 Sicilian Jews 612.4.1 General features 612.4.2 Migrants from Sicily to continental Italy 622.5 Sephardic migrants 642.5.1 Jewish migrants from the Iberian Peninsula 642.5.2 Migrants from the Ottoman Empire and Corfu 662.6 Jews from North Africa 682.7 Communities and geographic origins 71CHAPTER 3. SURNAMES OF “PORTUGUESE” JEWS 743.1 General aspects 743.1.1 Main historical aspects 743.1.2 Terminology 763.1.3 Groups of surnames used by “Portuguese” Jews 793.1.4 Aliases 813.1.5 Several surnames borne by one person 833.1.6 Several surnames borne by one family 883.1.7 Geographic mobility 903.2 Crypto-Jews of Antwerp 913.3 Italy 923.3.1 Ferrara and Ancona 923.3.2 Republic of Venice 963.3.3 Duchy of Savoy 983.3.4 Tuscany 993.3.5 Genoa 1023.4 Northern Europe 1033.4.1 Amsterdam 1033.4.2 Hamburg and its area 1073.4.3 London 1083.5 France 1133.5.1 CRYPTO-JEWS of Nantes and Rouen 1133.5.2 Bayonne area and Bordeaux 1143.5.3 Did NEW CHRISTIANS merge with French Catholics? 1183.5.4 Non-Iberian Jews in southwestern France 1213.6 The Americas 1233.6.1 Dutch colonies 1233.6.2 British colonies and the United States 1253.6.3 French and Danish colonies 1273.7 Surnames of “Portuguese” Jews as a tool for analyzing major aspects of their history 1273.7.1 Reductionist approaches 1273.7.2 Non-reductionist approach 1313.7.3 Non-Jewish ancestry 1323.7.4 Memory about the Jewish ancestry 1353.7.5 Difference between Jewish converts in Spain and Portugal 1453.7.6 Gradual change of the “Portuguese” character of communities 146CHAPTER 4. VARIANTS OF SURNAMES 1494.1 Graphic variants 1494.1.1 Same letters used 1494.1.2 Diacritics 1494.1.3 Alternative letters for the same sounds 1504.2 Variants related to change of language 1534.2.1 Adapted variants 1534.2.2 Semantic variants 1534.2.3 Translated variants (calques) 1544.2.4 Latin and Latinized forms 1554.2.5 Hebrew calques and spellings 1564.3 Phonetic variants 1584.4 Morphological variants 1594.4.1 Definition 1594.4.2 Grammatical variants 1594.4.3 Forms with or without prepositions 1624.4.3 Other morphological variants 163CHAPTER 5. TYPES OF SURNAMES 1655.1 General characteristics 1655.1.1 Classification 1655.1.2 Statistical data 1695.2 Particular types 1715.2.1 Surnames indicating Jewish castes 1715.2.2 Surnames derived from toponyms 1735.2.3 Surnames derived from given names 1755.2.4 Migrated surnames 1775.2.5 Surnames from another local Jewish group 179CHAPTER 6. LANGUAGES OF SURNAMES 1806.1 General characteristics 1806.1.1 Statistical data 1806.1.2 Dynamics of distribution by language 1846.2 Particular languages 1846.2.1 Idioms of France 1846.2.2 Idioms of Italy 1886.2.3 Hebrew and Aramaic 193APPENDIX A. FREQUENCY OF SURNAMES 195 APPENDIX B. DYNAMICS OF SURNAMES IN SOUTHERN FRANCE 198B.1 Tarascon 198B.2 Carpentras 200INDEX TO SURNAMES MENTIONED IN THE INTRODUCTORY PORTION 206GLOSSARY 207BIBLIOGRAPHY 209Works cited 209Principal sources for surnames 230HOW TO USE THE DICTIONARY 236Surnames present inside of the same entry 236General structure of an entry 237Base form 238Reference section 239Area 239Spelling(s) 240Period 240Additional information 241Sources 241Group section 241Etymology section 242Type 242Structure for migrated surnames 243Structure for restored Iberian Jewish surnames 243Structure for Iberian Catholic Jewish surnames 244Structure for surnames derived from toponyms 244Structure for surnames derived from given names 245Structure for other types 245Non-retained etymology section 246Variant section 247Surname combination(s) section 248What to do if you cannot find your surname listed 248DICTIONARY OF JEWISH SURNAMES FROM ITALY, FRANCE, AND “PORTUGUESE” COMMUNITIES 249INDEX OF SURNAMES IN THE DICTIONARY PORTION SPELLED IN LATIN CHARACTERS 797Index of Hebrew spellings in the Dictionary portion 854
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